The citadel in Hasbaya was also possibly built during the same Roman period. Some research in the Old Testament estimates that it could have been built earlier.
Its heyday goes back to the Crusaders under Count Toron, who fortified the building on the hill above Wadi el Taim. Soon after, in 1173 the Druze emirs of the great Chehab family recaptured it. They fortified the square tower and transformed it into a big palace similar to Italian palaces. A mosque was built in the 13th century, including a hexagonal arabesque minaret.
It remained in the possession of the Chehab family until the Ottomans claimed it in the 19th century. With the departure of the Ottomans in 1917, the citadel was returned to the Chehab family and remains in their possession until today.
The castle is both a military as well as a residence, which up to 65 rooms in the 2 upper floors.
The citadel of Rashaya is important for the political history of Lebanon. It is possible that its construction goes back to the Roman period. Temples were built in honor of the gods. If so, that would have been around the 1st or 2nd centuries BC.
Very little remains of the temple from that period. Its architectural legacy is attributed to the Chehab family. They refurbished it after the crusaders had used it as a military base over Wadi El Taim in the 11th Century.
The French Mandate also left various imprints on two towers of the citadel. However, the citadel is important because it was there that the French imprisoned the rebellious Lebanese leaders in 1943. This led directly to the independence of Lebanon on the 22nd of November 1943.